Category: Tableadapter update vb net

The DataSet used to update the data source. The number of rows successfully updated from the DataSet. The update is performed on a by-row basis. For every inserted, modified, and deleted row, the Update method determines the type of change that has been performed on it Insert, Update or Delete. Depending on the type of change, the InsertUpdate, or Delete command template executes to propagate the modified row to the data source.

Fill datasets by using TableAdapters

It should be noted that these statements are not performed as a batch process; each row is updated individually. NET Framework data provider. This generation logic requires key column information to be present in the DataSet. For more information see Generating Commands with CommandBuilders. The Update method retrieves rows from the table listed in the first mapping before performing an update.

The Update then refreshes the row using the value of the UpdatedRowSource property. Any additional rows returned are ignored.

tableadapter update vb net

After any data is loaded back into the DataSetthe OnRowUpdated event is raised, allowing the user to inspect the reconciled DataSet row and any output parameters returned by the command. After a row updates successfully, the changes to that row are accepted.

When using Updatethe order of execution is as follows:. The values in the DataRow are moved to the parameter values. The OnRowUpdating event is raised. If the command is set to FirstReturnedRecordthen the first returned result is placed in the DataRow. If there are output parameters, they are placed in the DataRow. The OnRowUpdated event is raised. AcceptChanges is called.

This will raise both the DataTable. RowChanging and DataTable.

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RowChanged events for the updated DataRow. Each command associated with the DataAdapter usually has a parameters collection associated with it. Parameters are mapped to the current row through the SourceColumn and SourceVersion properties of a.

NET data provider's Parameter class. SourceColumn refers to a DataTable column that the DataAdapter references to obtain parameter values for the current row. SourceColumn refers to the unmapped column name before any table mappings have been applied.

If SourceColumn refers to a nonexistent column, the action taken depends on one of the following MissingMappingAction values. An exception is generated if it refers to a nonexistent column.

The SourceVersion property of a. NET data provider's Parameter class determines whether to use the Original, Current, or Proposed version of the column value. If either of these methods are called before the Update method is called, no changes will be committed when the Update method is called, unless further changes have been made since AcceptChanges or AcceptChanges was called.

If an error occurs while updating a row, an exception is thrown and execution of the update is discontinued. To continue the update operation without generating exceptions when an error is encountered, set the ContinueUpdateOnError property to true before calling Update.

You may also respond to errors on a per-row basis within the RowUpdated event of a DataAdapter. To continue the update operation without generating an exception within the RowUpdated event, set the Status property of the RowUpdatedEventArgs to Continue.After the data in your dataset has been modified and validated, you can send the updated data back to a database by calling the Update method of a TableAdapter.

When a dataset has related tables, Visual Studio generates a TableAdapterManager class that you use to do the updates. The TableAdapterManager class ensures that updates are made in the correct order based on the foreign-key constraints that are defined in the database.

When you use data-bound controls, the databinding architecture creates a member variable of the TableAdapterManager class called tableAdapterManager. When you try to update a data source with the contents of a dataset, you can get errors. The exact procedure for updating a data source can vary depending on business needs, but includes the following steps:.

Reconcile the problem in the data row programmatically if you can, or by presenting the invalid row to the user for modificationand then try the update again HasErrorsGetErrors. Call the Update method of a TableAdapter. Pass the name of the data table that contains the values to be written to the database.

You may also leave feedback directly on GitHub. Skip to main content. Exit focus mode. Note When you try to update a data source with the contents of a dataset, you can get errors. Is this page helpful? Yes No. Any additional feedback? Skip Submit. Send feedback about This product This page.

tableadapter update vb net

This page. Submit feedback. There are no open issues. View on GitHub.A TableAdapter component fills a dataset with data from the database, based on one or more queries or stored procedures that you specify. TableAdapters can also perform adds, updates, and deletes on the database to persist changes that you make to the dataset. You can also issue global commands that are unrelated to any specific table.

TableAdapters are generated by Visual Studio designers.

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If you are creating datasets programmatically, then use DataAdapter, which is a. NET class. For detailed information about TableAdapter operations, you can skip directly to one of these topics:.

TableAdapters are designer-generated components that connect to a database, run queries or stored procedures, and fill their DataTable with the returned data.

TableAdapters also send updated data from your application back to the database. You can run as many queries as you want on a TableAdapter as long as they return data that conforms to the schema of the table with which the TableAdapter is associated.

The following diagram shows how TableAdapters interact with databases and other objects in memory:. They are located in separate namespaces that are specific to each dataset. To access a particular TableAdapter programmatically, you must declare a new instance of the TableAdapter. For example:. When you create a TableAdapter, you use the initial query or stored procedure to define the schema of the TableAdapter's associated DataTable.

You run this initial query or stored procedure by calling the TableAdapter's Fill method which fills the TableAdapter's associated DataTable. Any changes that are made to the TableAdapter's main query are reflected in the schema of the associated data table.

For example, removing a column from the main query also removes the column from the associated data table. If any additional queries on the TableAdapter use SQL statements that return columns that are not in the main query, the designer attempts to synchronize the column changes between the main query and the additional queries.

The update functionality of a TableAdapter is dependent on how much information is available in the main query in the TableAdapter Wizard.

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For example, TableAdapters that are configured to fetch values from multiple tables using a JOINscalar values, views, or the results of aggregate functions are not initially created with the ability to send updates back to the underlying database.

TableAdapters can contain multiple queries to fill their associated data tables. You can define as many queries for a TableAdapter as your application requires, as long as each query returns data that conforms to the same schema as its associated data table. This capability enables a TableAdapter to load different results based on differing criteria.

For example, if your application contains a table with customer names, you can create a query that fills the table with every customer name that begins with a certain letter, and another that fills the table with all customers that are located in the same state.

You run the query by calling the FillByState method and passing in the parameter value like this: CustomerTableAdapter. FillByState "WA". In addition to adding queries that return data of the same schema as the TableAdapter's data table, you can add queries that return scalar single values. By default, every time you run a query to fill a TableAdapter's data table, the existing data is cleared, and only the results of the query are loaded into the table. Set the TableAdapter's ClearBeforeFill property to false if you want to add or merge the data that's returned from a query to the existing data in a data table.

Regardless of whether you clear the data, you need to explicitly send updates back to the database, if you want to persist them. So remember to save any changes to the data in the table before running another query that fills the table.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

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TableAdapter.Update() doesn't work

NET WF app and the tableadapter. At least part of the problem I'm having is errors with the primary key. For some reason it won't let me update all of the column values except for the PK. Here's my code for the "save" function, which is supposed to update the DB record based on values in textboxes on the form. Learn more. NET tableadapter.

tableadapter update vb net

Asked 6 years, 2 months ago. Active 6 years, 2 months ago. Viewed 5k times. Try If Ds. Rows searchIP. Text 'Ds. Checked 'Ds. Now Ds. Tables "main". Rows 0. Text 'writes changes to DB Ds.

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AcceptChanges Me. Update Me. Fill Me.I am trying to call the update method of my table adapter that was automatically created by dragging the table from data sources view.

However, it appears that the update method doesn't exist? Only Fill and Getdata. Even on single tables this happens? Is there a known bug here. I am currently using VSTO and excel and it is extremely frustrating! I have followed this code using my database instead of northwind and no update method on my tableadapter? I have tried this about 50 times. I have tried with another database in the same project and this table worked ok.

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The table has a primary key defined and still now joy. This is soooo frustrating! That was it. The primary key was not set in the database! I can't believe in this day and age that software houses would not set primary keys in their database not my database! This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use.

Learn more. The content you requested has been removed. Ask a question. Quick access. Search related threads.TableAdapters provide communication between your application and a database. They connect to the database, run queries or stored procedures, and either return a new data table or fill an existing DataTable with the returned data.

Update data by using a TableAdapter

TableAdapters can also send updated data from your application back to the database. Drag database objects from Server Explorer into the Dataset Designer. You can also create a new TableAdapter and configure it with a data source by dragging a TableAdapter from the Toolbox to an empty region in the Dataset Designer surface. Your computer might show different names or locations for some of the Visual Studio user interface elements in this article. You may be using a different edition of Visual Studio or different environment settings.

For more information, see Personalize the IDE. You can configure an existing TableAdapter by right-clicking on it in the Dataset Designer. If you drag a new TableAdapter from the Toolbox when the Dataset Designer is in focus, the wizard starts and prompts you to specify which data source the TableAdapter should connect to.

On the next page, the wizard asks what kind of commands it should use to communicate with the database, either SQL statements or stored procedures. You won't see this if you are configuring a TableAdapter that is already associated with a data source.

You have the option to create a new stored procedure in the underlying database if you have the correct permissions for the database. If you don't have these permissions, this won't be an option. The stored procedure that's assigned to the Update command, for example, is run when the TableAdapter.

Update method is called. Map parameters from the selected stored procedure to the corresponding columns in the data table. For example, if your stored procedure accepts a parameter named CompanyName that it passes to the CompanyName column in the table, set the Source Column of the CompanyName parameter to CompanyName. The stored procedure that's assigned to the SELECT command is run by calling the method of the TableAdapter that you name in the next step of the wizard.

Updating the TableAdapter to Use JOINs (VB)

Fill tableName. If you change the default name from Fillsubstitute Fill with the name you assign, and replace "TableAdapter" with the actual name of the TableAdapter for example, CustomersTableAdapter. Sometimes you might want to change the schema of the TableAdapter's table. To do this, you modify the TableAdapter's primary Fill method.

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TableAdapters are created with a primary Fill method that defines the schema of the associated data table. The primary Fill method is based on the query or stored procedure you entered when you originally configured the TableAdapter. It's the first topmost method under the data table in the DataSet Designer. Any changes that you make to the TableAdapter's main Fill method are reflected in the schema of the associated data table.

For example, removing a column from the query in the main Fill method also removes the column from the associated data table. Additionally, removing the column from the main Fill method removes the column from any additional queries for that TableAdapter.

These additional queries must conform to the table schema, unless they return a scalar value.

tableadapter update vb net

Each additional query has a name that you specify. You can also drag a Query object onto an empty area of the Dataset Designerwhich creates a TableAdapter without an associated DataTable.When working with a database it is common to request data that is spread across multiple tables. To retrieve data from two different tables we can use either a correlated subquery or a JOIN operation.

With relational databases the data we are interested in working with is often spread across multiple tables. For example, when displaying product information we likely want to list each product s corresponding category and supplier s names. To retrieve information from another, related table, we can either use correlated subqueries or JOIN s. For example, in the Creating a Data Access Layer tutorial we used two correlated subqueries in the ProductsTableAdapter s main query to return the category and supplier names for each product.

Recall that the ProductsTableAdapter created in the first tutorial in the Northwind DataSet uses correlated subqueries to bring back each product s corresponding category and supplier name. The ProductsTableAdapter s main query is shown below.

Alternatively, a JOIN can be used to return each product s supplier and category name. The following query returns the same output as the above one, but uses JOIN s in place of subqueries:.

A JOIN merges the records from one table with records from another table based on some criteria. The merged result allows us to work with the corresponding category fields for each product such as CategoryName.

JOIN s are commonly used when querying data from relational databases. Since JOIN s and correlated subqueries can both be used to retrieve related data from other tables, many developers are left scratching their heads and wondering which approach to use.

All of the SQL gurus I ve talked to have said roughly the same thing, that it doesn t really matter performance-wise as SQL Server will produce roughly identical execution plans.

VB Week 5: Visual Basic TableAdapter

Their advice, then, is to use the technique that you and your team are most comfortable with. It merits noting that after imparting this advice these experts immediately express their preference of JOIN s over correlated subqueries.

If you click the Advanced button you can see that this feature is enabled. Click Finish to complete the wizard. To confirm this, click on the TableAdapter in the Designer and then go to the Properties window. To work around this shortcoming, we can manually provide the SQL statements and parameters for the InsertCommandUpdateCommandand DeleteCommand properties via the Properties window.